Leonard Bernstein Conducts Beethoven’s 9th in a Classic 1979 Performance

Even if you don't know classical music, you know Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 9. Finished in 1824, Beethoven's final complete symphony, and the first from any major composer to use voices, has risen to and remained at the top of the Western orchestral canon as one of the most frequently performed symphonies in existence. The Japanese have even gone so far as to make it a New Year's tradition. I remember, when first learning the Japanese language, watching an educational video about an amateur neighborhood chorus converting the original German into more readable Japanese phonetic script, so as to better sing it for their celebration. A charming story, to be sure, but at the top of the post, you'll find Beethoven's 9th rendered with the exact opposite of amateurism by the Wiener Philharmoniker, with Leonard Bernstein conducting. (Part one, Part Two, Part Three, Part Four.) Then again, at the root of "amateur" lies the term "to love," and who would dare accuse Bernstein, however consummately professional a man of music, of not loving this symphony?

"I've just finished filming and recording the great 9th Symphony," Bernstein says in the clip just above, describing how the experience got him thinking about historical dates. "My associations led me back to the year of my own birth, 1918, the year of the great armistice which brought the First World War to an end. Now, I had the key. The password was peace, armistice, brotherhood — 'ain't gonna study war no more.'  Peace, brotherhood, we are all children of one father, let us embrace one another, all the millions of us, friendship, love, joy: these, of course, are the key words and phrases from [Friedrich] Schiller's ["Ode to Joy"] to which Beethoven attached that glorious music, ranging from the mysterious to the radiant to the devout to the ecstatic." You can also watch the performance that put Bernstein's mind on this track as one of the many included in Beethoven 9, Deutsche Grammophon's first iPad/iPhone/iPod app. For free, you get two minutes of the symphony with all features enabled. "The full experience," their site adds, " is then unlocked through In-App Purchase."

Related Content:

Leonard Bernstein Demystifies the Rock Revolution for Curious (if Square) Grown-Ups in 1967

Leonard Bernstein’s Masterful Lectures on Music (11+ Hours of Video Recorded in 1973)

Bernstein Breaks Down Beethoven

Colin Marshall hosts and produces Notebook on Cities and Culture and writes essays on literature, film, cities, Asia, and aesthetics. He’s at work on a book about Los AngelesA Los Angeles Primer. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall.

Download the Universe: A Discerning Curator for Science eBooks

download the universe

We all need guides for the overwhelming world of the Internet. Digital curators are essential to sifting through the vast and expanding supply of online content because they find the good stuff that’s worth checking out.

When Download the Universe launched a year ago, the digital world gained a smart and discerning curator for the growing number of science ebooks. What a boon for science lovers. Science lends itself uniquely to apps and ebook publishing. And doing what digital publishing does best, a good ebook can bring content to life like no paperback or hardcover can.

fragile earth

Take Harper Collins’ Fragile Earth ($2.99 on iTunes), which came out originally as a glossy coffee table book. Loaded with before and after photos of places on the planet scarred by deforestation and climate change, the book was visually stunning, if pedantic. But when released as an ebook, the whole experience unfolded like a beautiful, heartbreaking origami.

As Download the Universe's review of the Fragile Earth ebook  points out, the app version benefits from digital technology, laying before and after satellite images over one another, rather than side by side, making the experience of seeing them  even more profound.

color uncovered

Here’s another one: Color Uncovered (free on iTunes), produced by San Francisco’s Exploratorium Museum, is a rich experience like a museum exhibit itself. Combining text with images and interactive features, the ebook explores how the eye perceives color. The reviewer, New York Times contributor Carl Zimmer, uses his review to discuss what the ebook experience shares with museum exhibits.

In the hands of Download the Universe, it appears that ebook publishing has matured into its own genre, with its own distinct advantages.

blindsight

Sometimes ebook publishers don’t make good use of available features. This review of Blindsight by journalist Chris Colin notes that the book’s app version, telling the story of a television director who suffers a brain injury, should have included neurological background information in the main story, not as a separate feature.

Download the Universe only reviews ebooks in the digital universe, not spin-offs from traditional print books. They look at Kindle products, self-published pdf manuscripts and apps, and they’ve got top-notch talent reviewing this brave new world on our behalf. The editorial board includes some names you may well recognize, like Sean Carroll (Caltech physicist), Steve Silberman (Wired), Maggie Koerth-Baker (Boing Boing), Annalee Newitz (io9), and David Dobbs (NYTimes, Nat Geo, etc.).

Related Content:

Neil deGrasse Tyson Lists 8 (Free) Books Every Intelligent Person Should Read

NASA Presents “The Earth as Art” in a Free eBook and Free iPad App

375 Free eBooks: Download to Kindle, iPad/iPhone & Nook 

Kate Rix writes about digital media and education. Read more of her work at .

Learn to Build iPhone & iPad Apps with Stanford’s Free Course, Coding Together

Screen Shot 2013-01-28 at 1.01.26 PMJust a quick fyi. In the past week, Stanford has launched the latest version of Coding Together, the popular course that teaches Stanford students -- and now students worldwide -- how to build apps for the iPhone and iPad. Taught by Paul Hegarty, the latest version of the free course focuses on how to build apps in iOS 6, and the lectures will be gradually rolled onto iTunes from January 22 through March 28. Find the first lectures here.

This course, along with other top-flight coding courses, appears in the Computer Science section of our big collection of 650 Free Online Courses, where you'll also find courses on Philosophy, History, Physics and other topics.

Looking for tutorials on building apps in Android? Find them here.

Watch Philip Glass Remix His Own Music—Then Try it Yourself With a New App

We told you in the fall about the album released by Beck and a troupe of other musicians to celebrate composer Philip Glass’s 75th birthday. Rework—Philip Glass Remixed is a collection of Glass works by artists including Beck, Tyondai Braxton, and Cornelius. Turns out that Glass himself was pretty turned on by the results. In the above video, Glass plays around with his own music using an interactive “Glass Machine” app, designed to complement the album.

You can almost see the wheels in Glass’s head turning as he swipes and taps away on the screen, creating new loops with phrases from his own music.

The app that Glass enjoys so much is available to anyone with an iPad, iPod touch or iPhone (3Gs or newer) and $10. The Rework app was designed by Scott Snibbe, who also created the interactive galaxy in Bjork’s Biophilia app.

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The app includes eleven interactive visualizations of remixed songs from the Rework album (example on left) and a Glass Machine, allowing users to create their own Glass-inspired music.

As Glass himself said, while playing with the Machine, “the user has become the artist.”

Related Content

Philip Glass, Seen and Heard Through the Cinematic Mind of Peter Greenaway (1983)

‘The Ballad of the Skeletons’: Allen Ginsberg’s 1996 Collaboration with Philip Glass and Paul McCartney

Kate Rix writes about digital media and education. Read more of her work at .  

Fill Your New Kindle, iPad, iPhone with Free eBooks, Movies, Audio Books, Online Courses & More

Santa left a new Kindle, iPad or other media player under your tree. He did his job. Now we'll do ours. We'll tell you how to fill those devices with free intelligent media -- great books, movies, courses, and all of the rest. And if you didn't get a new gadget, fear not. You can access all of these materials on the good old fashioned computer. Here we go:

Free eBooks: You have always wanted to read the great works. And now is your chance. When you dive into our Free eBooks collection you will find 375 great works by some classic writers (Dickens, Dostoevsky, Shakespeare and Tolstoy) and contemporary writers (F. Scott Fitzgerald, Philip K. Dick, Isaac Asimov, and Kurt Vonnegut). The collection also gives you access to the 51-volume Harvard Classics.

If you’re an iPad/iPhone user, the download process is super easy. Just click the “iPad/iPhone” links and you’re good to go. Kindle and Nook users will generally want to click the “Kindle + Other Formats links” to download ebook files, but we’d suggest watching these instructional videos (Kindle –Nook) beforehand.

Free Audio Books: What better way to spend your free time than listening to some of the greatest books ever written? This page contains a vast number of free audio books, including works by Arthur Conan Doyle, James Joyce, Jane Austen, Edgar Allan Poe, George Orwell and more recent writers -- Italo Calvino, Vladimir Nabokov, Raymond Carver, etc. You can download these classic books straight to your gagdets, then listen as you go.

[Note: If you're looking for a contemporary book, you can download one free audio book from Audible.com. Find details on Audible's no-strings-attached deal here.]

Free Online Courses: This list brings together over 600 free online courses from leading universities, including Stanford, Yale, MIT, UC Berkeley, Oxford and beyond. These full-fledged courses range across all disciplines -- historyphysicsphilosophypsychology and beyond. Most all of these courses are available in audio, and roughly 75% are available in video. You can't receive credits or certificates for these courses (click here for courses that do offer certificates. But the amount of personal enrichment you will derive is immeasurable.

Free Movies: With a click of a mouse, or a tap of your touch screen, you will have access to 500 great movies. The collection hosts many classics, westerns, indies, documentaries, silent films and film noir favorites. It features work by some of our great directors (Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Welles, Andrei Tarkovsky, Stanley Kubrick, Jean-Luc Godard and David Lynch) and performances by cinema legends: John Wayne, Jack Nicholson, Audrey Hepburn, Charlie Chaplin, and beyond. On this one page, you will find thousands of hours of cinema bliss.

Free Language Lessons: Perhaps learning a new language is high on your list of 2013 New Year's resolutions. Well, here is a great way to do it. Take your pick of 40 languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, Mandarin, English, Russian, Dutch, even Finnish, Yiddish and Esperanto. These lessons are all free and ready to download.

Free Textbooks: And one last item for the lifelong learners among you. We have scoured the web and pulled together a list of 150 Free Textbooks. It's a great resource particularly if you're looking to learn math, computer science or physics on your own. There might be a diamond in the rough here for you.

Thank Santa, maybe thank us, and enjoy that new device....

NASA Presents “The Earth as Art” in a Free eBook and Free iPad App

In 1960, NASA put its first "Earth-observing environmental satellite" into orbit, and, ever since, these satellites have let us observe the dynamics of our planet in a new way.  They can tell us all about changing weather patterns, the impact of climate change, what's happening in the oceans, the coastlines, rivers and more.

The satellites have also demonstrated again and again the Earth’s aesthetic beauty, revealed in the patterns, shapes, colors, and textures seen from space. That beauty is what gets celebrated in NASA Earth As Art, a new visual publication made available as a Free 160-Page eBook (PDF) and a Free iPad App. Featuring 75 images in total, the app gives you a very aerial look at places like the Himalayas, Arizona’s Painted Desert, the Lena River Delta in Russia (shown above), the Byrd Glacier in Antarctica, and much more. Enjoy the images, from the surreal to the sublime.

You'll find NASA Earth As Art listed in our collection of Free eBooks. Also see these related NASA materials:

NASA Archive Collects Great Time-Lapse Videos of our Planet

Ray Bradbury Reads Moving Poem on the Eve of NASA’s 1971 Mars Mission

Great Cities at Night: Views from the International Space Station

Brian Eno Once Composed Music for Windows 95; Now He Lets You Create Music with an iPad App

Now running through my speakers, even as I write this: Brian Eno's latest album, Lux. The disc offers four pieces of ambient music, a style that, even if Eno didn't technically invent it, he certainly took it to a new level of fascination and popularity. He composed these tracks — if "composed" is indeed the word — as generative music, a process rather than a style, but one he named and has promoted since the nineties. For a definition of generative music, I turn to Eno's A Year with Swollen Appendices, a book that does not leave my nightstand. "One of my long-term interests has been the invention of 'machines' and 'systems,'" he writes, "to make music with materials and processes I specified, but in combinations and interactions I did not. My first released piece of this kind was Discreet Music (1975), in which two simple melodic cycles of different durations separately repeat and are allowed to overlay each other arbitrarily."




In Lux, we have the latest iteration of that musical model. But even if this new record or its predecessors won't make your playlist, there's at least one Brian Eno composition with which you'll already feel intimately familiar. I refer, of course, to the Windows 95 startup sound. Eno describes the musical challenge as follows: "The thing from the agency said,'We want a piece of music that is inspiring, universal, blah- blah, da-da-da, optimistic, futuristic, sentimental, emotional,' this whole list of adjectives, and then at the bottom it said 'and it must be three and one quarter seconds long.'"

From that list of 150 vague words, Eno crafted 84 miniature pieces of music. You may have heard the one Microsoft ultimately went with hundreds, or thousands, of times. Obviously they've sounded the same on every play, and this very fact displeases their creator, especially when he creates with generative systems in the first place. "What I always wanted to do was sell the system itself, so that a listener would know that the music was always unique," Eno continues in A Year. "With computer technology I began to think there might be a way of doing it." Computer technology, which has come a long way since the days of Windows 95, has brought us to the release of Scape, the first generative music iPad app ($5.99) from Eno and Peter Chilvers. "The idea is that you assemble pieces of music out of sonic building blocks — we call them 'elements' — which then respond intelligently to each other," Eno says in the introductory video just above. Scape follows Bloom and Trope, the duo's previous generative music apps for the iPhone. Does it strike you as strange that the man behind such an iconic Microsoft theme now releases apps only for Apple devices? It's no big surprise: Eno even composed the Windows 95 sound on a Mac.

Related content:

How David Byrne and Brian Eno Make Music Together: A Short Documentary

Brian Eno on Creating Music and Art As Imaginary Landscapes (1989)

Colin Marshall hosts and produces Notebook on Cities and Culture. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall.

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