Michel Foucault (1926-1984) was an enormously influential French philosopher who wrote, among other things, historical analyses of psychiatry, medicine, the prison system, and the function of sexuality in social organizations. He spent some time during the last years of his life at UC Berkeley, delivering several lectures in English. And happily they were recorded for posterity:
- Four Lectures on Truth and Subjectivity (1980)
- Six Lectures on Discourse and Truth (1983)
- Three Lectures on "The Culture of the Self" (1983)
These last lectures are also available on YouTube (in audio format).
One of Foucault's more controversial and memorable books was Discipline and Punish (1977), which traced the transition from the 18th century use of public torture and execution to--less than 50 years later--the prevalence of much more subtle uses of power, with a focus on incarceration, rehabilitation, prevention, and surveillance.
Here he is in 1983 commenting on that book (thanks for the link to Seth Paskin). The Partially Examined Life podcast recently discussed the book with Katharine McIntyre, doctoral candidate at Columbia. Foucault's image of the panopticon well captures modern privacy concerns in the electronic age.
Finally, we leave you with a Schoolhouse Rock-style presentation of Foucault's book The History of Sexuality, Volume 1 and some vintage video of Foucault's 1971 debate with Noam Chomsky. Foucault's lectures have been added to our list of Free Philosophy Courses, part of our big collection, 1,500 Free Online Courses from Top Universities.
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Mark Linsenmayer runs the Partially Examined Life philosophy podcast and blog. He also performs with the Madison, WI band New People.