In 1966, Jimi Hendrix released his first single, “Hey Joe,” a cover song, and, in a certain sense, reclaimed American rock ‘n’ roll from the British invasion. Eight years later in ‘74, it may have seemed like rock ‘n’ roll was dead and gone. Nostalgia set in; Bill Haley’s “Rock Around the Clock” hit the charts again thanks to American Graffiti and Happy Days. And then, a skinny poet from New Jersey and four kids from Queens more or less invented punk and resurrected the moldering corpse of rock. The Ramones appeared at CBGB’s for the first time in August. (See one of their earliest recorded performances here.) That same month saw the release of Patti Smith’s first single—“Hey Joe”—arguably the first punk release in history, though she sings it like a torch song. (The B-side, the spoken word “Piss Factory,” set the tone for punk rock naming practices for decades to come).
At the top, hear Smith’s version of “Hey Joe,” which she introduces with an original piece of transgressive poetry about Patty Hearst, then still a captive member of the Symbionese Liberation Army. In the still image, Smith wears a t-shirt that seems to answer the echo of Bill Haley’s ghost: “F*ck the Clock. “ Just above, see Smith and band play “Hey Joe” live on The Old Grey Whistle Test in 1976, just after an abridged version of “Horses.”
One of Smith’s biggest hits, “Gloria,” was also a cover, of a song by Van Morrison’s former band Them. She memorably made that song her own as well with the opening line “Jesus died for somebody’s sins, but not mine.” She went on to cover a host of artists—Dylan, The Beatles, Stevie Wonder, U2. In fact her 10th studio album, 2007’s Twelve, consists entirely of covers. Just above from that record, hear her folky take on Nirvana’s “Smells Like Teen Spirit,” recorded with stand-up bass and banjo. And below, she delivers a spooky rendition of Jefferson Airplane’s “White Rabbit.”
While her stage persona may have mellowed with age, Smith’s voice has remained as powerful and captivating as ever. Below she belts out the Stones’ “Gimme Shelter” live on the BBC’s Later… with Jool Holland, a song she also covers on Twelve.
Her tastes are eclectic, her range wide, and though she’ll always get the credit as the “Godmother of Punk,” she’s able to work in almost any style, even a kind of adult contemporary that doesn’t seem very Patti Smith at all. But she owns it in her cover of Prince’s “When Doves Cry” below, from her two-disc compilation album Land (1975-2002). It’s a long way from “Piss Factory,” but it’s still Smith doing what she’s always done—paying homage to the artists who inspire her. Whether it’s Smokey Robinson, Bruce Springsteen, or Virginia Woolf, she’s able to channel the genius of her influences while infusing their work with her own passionate sexual energy and poetic intensity.
Hear Patti Smith Read 12 Poems From Seventh Heaven, Her First Collection (1972)
Watch Patti Smith Read from Virginia Woolf, and Hear the Only Surviving Recording of Woolf’s Voice
See Patti Smith Give Two Dramatic Readings of Allen Ginsberg’s “Footnote to Howl”
Patti Smith’s Cover of Nirvana’s “Smells Like Teen Spirit” Strips the Song Down to its Heart
Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness
I super love Patti Smith, but just to be clear Jimi Hendrix did not write “Hey Joe”. It’s attributed to either Tim Rose, or Billy Roberts, or even to Scottish folk singer Len Partridge. Great post though. Keep ’em comin’.
Those are great. But my favorite cover by Patti Smith is “O Holy Night” at the Vatican concert a few years ago.
Thank you reminding me why I keep OpenCulture in my “appointment internet” RSS feed.
This is such an eloquent tribute, really hope Patti gets to read it.
great article. Love the videos. Two weeks to showtime @’Webster Hall’. Can’t wait.
With regards to the “Dylan playing for one person” experiment, it would only have been a genuine experience if it had not been filmed. Dylan isn’t playing for one, he’s playing for a wide video audience and the guy out front isn’t alone, there’s a camera crew. The whole thing is bullshit.
Please disregard previous comment. It referred to the Bob Dylan, experimental post and wound up instead beneath the Patti Smith one. Also, it was negative and unnecessary. You seem to have a cool site here and I’ll leave the negative stuff at home next time.