F. Scott Fitzgerald Creates a List of 22 Essential Books, 1936

In 1936 — perhaps the darkest year of his life — F. Scott Fitzgerald was convalescing in a hotel in Asheville, North Carolina, when he offered his nurse a list of 22 books he thought were essential reading. The list, above, is written in the nurse’s hand.

Fitzgerald had moved into Asheville’s Grove Park Inn that April after transferring his wife Zelda, a psychiatric patient, to nearby Highland Hospital. It was the same month that Esquire published his essay “The Crack Up”, in which he confessed to a growing awareness that “my life had been a drawing on resources that I did not possess, that I had been mortgaging myself physically and spiritually up to the hilt.”

Fitzgerald’s financial and drinking problems had reached a critical stage. That summer he fractured his shoulder while diving into the hotel swimming pool, and sometime later, according to Michael Cody at the University of South Carolina’s Fitzgerald Web site, “he fired a revolver in a suicide threat, after which the hotel refused to let him stay without a nurse. He was attended thereafter by Dorothy Richardson, whose chief duties were to provide him company and try to keep him from drinking too much. In typical Fitzgerald fashion, he developed a friendship with Miss Richardson and attempted to educate her by providing her with a reading list.”

It’s an curious list. Shakespeare is omitted. So is James Joyce. But Norman Douglas and Arnold Bennett make the cut. Fitzgerald appears to have restricted his selections to books that were available at that time in Modern Library editions. At the top of the page, Richardson writes “These are books that Scott thought should be required reading.”

Note: We have provided links to texts available online. Most appear in our collection, 600 Free eBooks: Download to Kindle, iPad/iPhone & Nook. Courses on Fitzgerald and contemporaries can be found in the Literature section of our Free Online Courses collection.

via The University of South Carolina

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Rare Footage of Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald From the 1920s


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  1. arno says . . . | August 1, 2013 / 7:24 am

    this list out of drinking, …. i dont know showes a self loving side

  2. dora says . . . | August 1, 2013 / 10:31 am

    Sono fiera di aver letto molti dei titoli consigliati!

  3. diễn đàn seo says . . . | August 2, 2013 / 12:55 am

    oh! now I know this diễn đàn seo

  4. Wendolyne says . . . | August 2, 2013 / 4:42 am

    I wonder. Did she read them?

  5. ian says . . . | August 2, 2013 / 6:33 am

    I worked at Grove Park Inn. They actually left the bullet hole in the ceiling from his gunshot. I’ve seen it.

  6. GogogoStopSTOP says . . . | August 3, 2013 / 9:15 am

    Nineteen thirty six! He should have been in NYC or Akron to hear Bill W & Dr Bob… such a short life for such a talented guy. And to think, he knew he was lacking in spirituality… he was right there, right on the precipice of practicing what he needed to know to recover.

  7. DeWitt Henry says . . . | August 27, 2013 / 8:44 pm

    Grand Uncle Scott, spare me Douglas, Renan, Bennett, Hammett, Jessup, France, Wilde, and Douglas. Given your vision, add Hemingway, please, Thackeray, and Joyce.

  8. Thinh dang van says . . . | October 2, 2013 / 7:11 pm

    now I know this nghe thuat duong pho

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