"When do governments deserve our allegiance, and when should they be denied it?" It's a question that has perhaps crossed your mind lately. And it's precisely the question that's at the heart of The Moral Foundations of Political Philosophy, a free course taught by Yale political science professor Ian Shapiro.
In 25 lectures (all available above, on YouTube and iTunes), the course "starts with a survey of major political theories of the Enlightenment—Utilitarianism, Marxism, and the social contract tradition—through classical formulations, historical context, and contemporary debates relating to politics today. It then turns to the rejection of Enlightenment political thinking. Lastly, it deals with the nature of, and justifications for, democratic politics, and their relations to Enlightenment and Anti-Enlightenment political thinking."
Arendt, Hannah. Eichmann in Jerusalem. New York: Viking, 1963.
Bromwich, David. "Introduction" to On Empire, Liberty, and Reform: Speeches and Letters. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Hamilton, Alexander, John Jay, and James Madison. The Federalist Papers. Ed. Ian Shapiro. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.
Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government and a Letter Concerning Human Understanding. Ed. Ian Shapiro. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007.
Mill, John Stuart. On Liberty. Ed. David Bromwich and George Kateb. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, 1974.
Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. 2nd edition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Shapiro, Ian. Democratic Justice. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.
Shapiro, Ian. Moral Foundations of Politics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
Tucker, Robert C., ed. The Marx-Engels Reader. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 1978.