Carl Sagan’s Ambitious College Reading List: Plato, Shakespeare, Gide, and Plenty of Philosophy, Math & Physics (1954)

List of titles that Carl Sagan planned to read during one of his semesters at the University of Chicago. Library of Congress Manuscript Division

Carl Sagan may have passed away almost twenty years ago, but he continues to influence minds of all generations through intellectual heirs like Neil DeGrasse Tyson (host of the remake of Sagan’s beloved 1980 TV series Cosmos) as well as through the books he wrote in his lifetime. But what books influenced Sagan, launching him on the journey toward astronomy, cosmology, astrophysics, astrobiology, and global celebrity? Thanks to the Library of Congress’ Carl Sagan Archive, we now know at least forty titles from the no doubt voluminous amount of reading material he digested during his youth and education.

Sagan wrote this reading list (which a fan has transcribed with links and posted to Reddit) in 1954, as an undergraduate at the University of Chicago. On it he identifies the books, as a young Charles Darwin once wrote on his own list, to be read, whether wholly, partially, or as a part of his coursework:

In Whole

In Part

Course Readings:

Pretty ambitious material for a twenty-year-old, but remember: we’re talking about someone who, around a decade earlier, had already sketched out his ideas for humanity’s spacefaring future. It makes sense that such a child would grow up to read science fiction — and with the publication of Contact thirty years after that, write it — and even that he would take up mathematics and physics as a course of academic study.

But it takes a mind like Sagan’s not to lose sight of the importance of communicating with the nonspecialist public, as evidenced by the presence on his list of Scientific American and Extraordinary Popular Delusions. Nor did he neglect, even before his career began, the need to contextualize scientific discoveries in the realm of human thought and feeling, which extends from Plato and the Bible to Shakespeare, André Gide, and John Gunther — that last writer’s work, and certain other volumes on his list, also showing an advanced consciousness of human limitations and mortality. All of it placed Sagan well, despite his truncated time on Earth, to do work that will outlast us all.

Related Content:

See Carl Sagan’s Childhood Sketches of The Future of Space Travel

Carl Sagan Presents His “Baloney Detection Kit”: 8 Tools for Skeptical Thinking

Carl Sagan on the Virtues of Marijuana (1969)

New Carl Sagan Archive Features His Digitized Home Movies, Student Journalism, Draft of His Pale Blue Dot & More

What Did Charles Darwin Read? See His Handwritten Reading List & Read Books from His Library Online

Neil deGrasse Tyson Lists 8 (Free) Books Every Intelligent Person Should Read

Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities and culture. He’s at work on a book about Los Angeles, A Los Angeles Primer, the video series The City in Cinema, the crowdfunded journalism project Where Is the City of the Future?, and the Los Angeles Review of Books’ Korea Blog. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

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