Fantastic Mr. Fox Meets The Shining in an Animated, Cautionary Tale About Consumerism

In this short stop-motion film, Alexandra Lemay draws some creative inspiration from Wes Anderson and Stanley Kubrick and leaves us with a “cautionary tale of what happens when we don’t think enough about what we buy.” Produced as part of the National Film Board of Canada’s Hothouse apprenticeship program, All the Rage follows a mink’s experience shopping in a luxury fur store. It’s perhaps not too much of a spoiler to say, it doesn’t end well. Lemay tells you more about the making of the film here. And don’t miss the many great films in the Animation section of our collection, 4,000+ Free Movies Online: Great Classics, Indies, Noir, Westerns, Documentaries & More.

Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus and LinkedIn and share intelligent media with your friends. And if you want to make sure that our posts definitely appear in your Facebook newsfeed, just follow these simple steps.

Gabriel García Márquez Describes the Cultural Merits of Soap Operas, and Even Wrote a Script for One

The relationship between literary writers and the film industry has given us many a story of major creative tension or downward mobility. Most famously, we have Fitzgerald—who gravitated to Hollywood like most writers did, including the more successful Faulkner—for money. When we look at the career of one of Latin America’s most celebrated writers, however, we find a very different dynamic. Although Gabriel García Márquez did not have what we might consider a successful career in the movies, his interest in cinema—as a screenwriter, critic, and even as an actor—stemmed from a genuine, lifelong love of the medium, which he considered equal to or surpassing literature as a form of storytelling.

“I thought of myself as a writer of literature,” says Márquez at the beginning of the documentary Marquez: Tales Beyond Solitude“but it was my conviction that the cinema, the image, had more possibilities of expression than literature.” And yet, he goes on…

Films and television have industrial, technical and mechanical limitations that literature doesn’t have. That’s why I said once, in a period of falling out with films, “My relationship with film has always been that of an uneasy marriage. We can’t live together or apart.” 

Film eventually needed Márquez more than he needed film. And yet he never disdained more popular entertainments, “producing more than twenty screenplays, some of them for television,” according to Alessandro Rocco’s Gabriel Garcia Marquez and the Cinema. He even relished the chance to write soap operas. In 1987, he told an interviewer, “I’ve always wanted to write soap operas. They’re wonderful. They reach far more people than books do…. The problem is that we’re condition [sic] to think that a soap opera is necessarily in bad taste, and I don’t believe this to be so.” Márquez felt that the “only difference between La bella palomera” [a TV film based on his Love in the Time of Cholera] and “a bad soap opera is that the former is well written.” Though his pronouncements on the creative potential of television may seem prescient today, they did not seem so at the time.

In 1989, Márquez got his chance to write for television soap operas, with a script, The Telegraph tells us, “about an English governess in Venezuela called I Rent Myself Out to Dream.” In the clip above from Tales Beyond Solitude, Márquez gives us his democratic philosophy of the arts: “To me music, literature, film, soap operas are different genres with one common end: to reach people…. In one single night, one episode of a TV soap can reach, in Colombia alone, 10 to 15 million people.” He contrasts this with his book sales and concludes, “it’s only natural that someone who wants to reach people is attracted to TV soap like to a magnetic pole. He cannot resist it.”

Márquez also served as the president of the International Film and Television School, in which position, he said, “I can’t start by being scornful of TV.” And yet the novelist’s regard for soaps was not simply a matter of professionalism. “For me,” he said, “there’s no dividing line between cinema and television, they’re just images in motion.” Ultimately, we can see Garcia Márquez’s total faith in the narrative potential of all forms of popular narrative—film, folk tale, the cherished telenovela—as an essential part of his writerly ethos, which has taken him from the daily scrum of the newsroom to the Nobel ceremony stage in Stockholm. “Ultimately all culture,” he says elsewhere in the documentary, “is popular culture.”

Related Content:

Akira Kurosawa & Gabriel García Márquez Talk About Filmmaking (and Nuclear Bombs) in Six Hour Interview

Read 10 Short Stories by Gabriel García Márquez Free Online (Plus More Essays & Interviews)

Literary Remains of Gabriel García Márquez Will Rest in Texas

Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness

“Bleu, Blanc, Rouge”: a Striking Supercut of the Vivid Colors in Jean-Luc Godard’s 1960s Films

What’s your favorite color? A simple question, sure — the very first one many of us learn to ask — but one to consider seriously if you see a future for yourself in filmmaking. Earlier this year, we featured video studies on the use of the color red by Wes Anderson and Stanley Kubrick. Yasujiro Ozu, as Jonathan Crow points out in that post, “made the jump to color movies very reluctantly late in his career and promptly became obsessed with the color red,” and a teakettle of that color even became his visual signature. No less an auteur than Krzysztof Kieślowski made not just a picture called Red, but another called Blue and another called White, which together form the acclaimed “Three Colors” trilogy.

Jean-Luc Godard, never one to be outdone, has also made vivid use throughout his career of not just red but white and blue as well. The video above, “Bleu, Blanc, Rouge – A Godard Supercut,” compiles three minutes of such colorful moments from the Godard filmography, drawing from his works A Woman Is a WomanContemptPierrot le Fou, and Made in U.S.A., all of which did much to define 1960s world cinema, capturing with their vivid colors performances by Godardian icons Jean-Paul Belmondo and Anna Karina.

“Bleu, Blanc, Rouge” comes from Cinema Sem Lei, the source of another aesthetically driven video essay we’ve previously featured on how German Expressionism influenced Tim Burton. This one makes less of an argument than that one did, but truly obsessive cinephiles may still find themselves able to construct one. An obvious starting point: we consider few filmmakers as French as Godard, and which country’s flag has these very colors? Well, besides those of America, Australia, Cambodia, Chile, Cuba, Iceland, North Korea, Luxembourg, Schleswig-Holstein, Thailand, and so on. And in interviews, Godard has distanced himself from pure Frenchness, preferring the designation “Franco-Swiss.” But still, you can start thinking there. Or you can just enjoy the images.

Related Content:

How German Expressionism Influenced Tim Burton: A Video Essay

Wes Anderson Likes the Color Red (and Yellow)

Jean-Luc Godard Gives a Dramatic Reading of Hannah Arendt’s “On the Nature of Totalitarianism”

A Young Jean-Luc Godard Picks the 10 Best American Films Ever Made (1963)

Jean-Luc Godard’s After-Shave Commercial for Schick (1971)

Jean-Luc Godard’s Debut, Opération béton(1955) — a Construction Documentary

Colin Marshall writes elsewhere on cities, language, Asia, and men’s style. He’s at work on a book about Los Angeles, A Los Angeles Primer, the video series The City in Cinemaand the crowdfunded journalism project Where Is the City of the Future? Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

John Lennon’s “Imagine” & Paul McCartney’s “Yesterday” Adapted into Smart, Moving Webcomics

Would John Lennon’s “Imagine” have been such a big hit if it had come from an unknown singer/songwriter instead of one of the most famous rock stars in the world? Impossible to say. Maybe a better question is: could anyone else have written the song? “Imagine” has become much more than a soft rock anthem since its release in 1971; it has become a global phenomenon. Among the innumerable big events at which the humanist hymn appears we can include, since 2005, New York’s New Year’s Eve celebration and, just recently, a performance by pop star Shakira at the UN General Assembly just before Pope Francis’ historical appearance.

It seems an odd choice, given the song’s apparent anti-religious message. And yet, though Lennon was no fan of organized religion, he told Playboy magazine in a 1980 interview that the song was inspired by “the concept of positive prayer” in a Christian prayer book given to him by Dick Gregory. “If you can imagine a world at peace,” said Lennon, “with no denominations of religion—not without religion but without this my God-is-bigger-than-your-God-thing—then it can be true….” As if to underscore that particular point in his adaptation of “Imagine” in the video above, cartoonist Pablo Stanley includes such religiously diverse, yet ecumenical figures as the agnostic Albert Einstein, Protestant Martin Luther King, Jr., Hindu Mahatma Gandhi, and Rastafarian Bob Marley, along with less-famous freedom fighters like Harvey Milk and murdered Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya.

Stanley’s “Imagine” originally appeared in webcomic form, sans music, on his blog It seems that several people took exception to an earlier, mostly black-and-white draft (which also included what looks like the once-very-Southern-Baptist Jimmy Carter), so Stanley issued a multi-point disclaimer under his revised, full-color version. He states that this “is NOT an anti-religion/atheist propaganda comic”—charges also unfairly levied at Lennon’s song. Stanley doesn’t address the fact that most of the famous people in his comic, including Lennon, were assassinated, though this blog post offers a suggestive theory with interview footage from Lennon himself.

In every respect, the comic adaption of “Imagine” hews pretty closely to Lennon’s call for world peace. In another Beatles-penned ballad-adaptation, however, things take a much darker turn. Stanley uses his personal experience of near-suicidal depression in his comic realization of Paul McCartney’s song of lost love, “Yesterday.” (See a video version above, webcomic version here.) This is grim stuff, to be sure, but Stanley assures us that he “overcame that situation.” His commentary offers a hopeful take on the painful ending: “Looking at the yesterday reminds me that I should thrive for the tomorrow.” I’m sure McCartney would agree with the sentiment.

For many more smart, moving—though non-Beatles-related—comics from Pablo Stanley, see his blog, Stanley Colors.

Related Content:

The John Lennon Sketchbook, a Short Animation Made of Lennon’s Drawings, Premieres on YouTube

Hear John Lennon’s Final Interview, Taped on the Last Day of His Life (December 8, 1980)

The Rolling Stone Interview with John Lennon (1970)

Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness

The World’s Oldest Surviving Pair of Glasses (Circa 1475)

oldest pair of glasses

Above, we have what The On-Line Museum and Encyclopedia of Vision Aids believes is the world’s oldest surviving pair of glasses. Dating back to the 15th century, the glasses belonged to the Eighth Shogun, Yoshimasa Ashikaga, who reigned from 1449 to 1473, during the Muromachi period of Japanese history. Both the glasses and their accompanying case were made of hand-carved white ivory.

Glasses were actually first invented, however, in Italy (some say Florence, to be precise) in 1286 or thereabouts. In a sermon from 1306, a Dominican friar wrote: “It is not yet twenty years since there was found the art of making eyeglasses, which make for good vision… And it is so short a time that this new art, never before extant, was discovered.” In the mid 14th century, paintings started to appear with people wearing eyeglasses. (Take for example Tommaso da Modena’s 1352 portrait showing the cardinal Hugh de Provence reading.) A gallery of other historic eyewear can be viewed here.

via Erik Kwakkel

Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus and LinkedIn and  share intelligent media with your friends. Or better yet, sign up for our daily email and get a daily dose of Open Culture in your inbox.

The Syrian Conflict & The European Refugee Crisis Explained in an Animated Primer

In a quick six minutes, the animation above explains the origins of two very related problems — the Syrian Conflict & the European Refugee Crisis. How did the crisis first erupt? How did it lead to a refugee crisis? And why should we why put xenophobic fears aside and provide refugees with a safe haven in the West? All of these questions get addressed by “Kurzgesagt” (“in a nutshell” in German), whose timely animations you can find on Youtube (including a separate video on the rise of ISIS in Iraq).

Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus and LinkedIn and share intelligent media with your friends. And if you want to make sure that our posts definitely appear in your Facebook newsfeed, just follow these simple steps.

The History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps Podcast, Now at 370 Episodes, Expands into Eastern Philosophy

m0003 540

Perhaps you’ve heard of a phenomenon called “podfade,” wherein a podcast — particularly an ambitious podcast — begins by putting out episodes regularly, then misses one or two, then lets more and more time elapse between each episode, one day ceasing to update entirely. It pleases us to report that The History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, the podcast offering just that, on whose progress we’ve kept you posted over the past three years, not only shows no signs of podfade, but has even broadened its mandate to include a greater variety of philosophical traditions than before.

For those who haven’t heard the show, The History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps comes from Peter Adamson, philosophy professor at Ludwig Maximilians University Munich and King’s College London, and “looks at the ideas, lives and historical context of the major philosophers as well as the lesser-known figures of the tradition.”

The main show has put out 379 episodes so far, beginning with the pre-Socratics (specifically Thales) and most recently examining Franciscan poverty, and now a new branch has grown, starting from Adamson and collaborator Jonardon Ganeri’s introduction to Indian Philosophy. (Hear the first episode of the Indian Philosophy series below.)

Episodes of this new series on the Indian tradition, Adamson writes, “will appear in alternating weeks with episodes on European philosophy.” He also mentions a “further ambition to cover the other philosophical traditions of Asia (especially Chinese) and also African philosophy and the philosophy of the African diaspora, but of course India will take a while so you’ll have to be patient if you are waiting for me to get to that!”

You can subscribe to The History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps‘ Indian philosophy series on its very own podcast RSS feed, or on iTunes here. Philosophically-minded binge-listeners beware; you could lose a lot of time to these two shows. “I’ve been doing my laundry to it for months and I’m only up to Maimonides,” says one commenter on a Metafilter thread about the new series. “I am totally not ready for this Patañjali.”

Related Content:

200+ Free Online Philosophy Courses

A History of Philosophy in 81 Video Lectures: A Free Course That Explores Philosophy from Ancient Greece to Modern Times

Death: A Free Philosophy Course from Yale

Introduction to Political Philosophy: A Free Online Course from Yale University

Colin Marshall writes elsewhere on cities, language, Asia, and men’s style. He’s at work on a book about Los Angeles, A Los Angeles Primer, the video series The City in Cinemaand the crowdfunded journalism project Where Is the City of the Future? Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

Sylvia Plath, Girl Detective Offers a Hilariously Cheery Take on the Poet’s College Years

Conventional wisdom has it that one’s college years are the best of one’s life, a maxim Sylvia Plath: Girl Detective, above, seems to embrace.

The real Plath experienced deep depression and attempted suicide while a student at Smith College. Her fictional counterpart—-played by writer-director Mike Simses’ sister and co-producer, Kate—exudes a pert Nancy Drew spirit.

She juggles multiple admirers, glows with self-satisfaction when her poem, “I Thought That I Could Not Be Hurt,” receives an A+, and cooly holds her ground against statuesque and seemingly better-heeled classmate, Jane.

It doesn’t matter that it’s never particularly clear what mystery this girl detective is solving… the Case of the Missing Tuition Check perhaps.

(Eager to stay on the good side of her benefactress, Now, Voyager author Olive Higgins Prouty, she brightly acquiesces to a shot of insulin from a giant metal syringe.)

I love how she quotes from her own poetry with an intensity that should feel familiar to anyone who’s ever been called upon to read aloud from “Daddy” or “Lady Lazarus” in an undergraduate Women’s Studies class.

(Speaking of Daddy, Plath’s gets a notable cameo. Shades of Hamlet’s father, but funny!)

This Writers Guild Association New Media award winner is supported by high production values that range from tony locations and antique cars to Simses’ sheitel.

Find Sylvia Plath, Girl Detective added to our collection, 4,000+ Free Movies Online: Great Classics, Indies, Noir, Westerns, Documentaries & More.

Related Content:

Hear Sylvia Plath Read Fifteen Poems From Her Final Collection, Ariel, in 1962 Recording

Sylvia Plath’s 10 Back to School Commandments (1953)

Lady Lazarus: Watch an Experimental Film Spoken by Sylvia Plath

The Mirrors of Ingmar Bergman, Narrated with the Poetry of Sylvia Plath

Ayun Halliday is an author, illustrator, and Chief Primatologist of the East Village Inky zine. Her play, Fawnbook, opens in New York City later this fall. Follow her @AyunHalliday

« Go BackMore in this category... »
Open Culture was founded by Dan Colman.