# Sal Khan & the Muppets’ Grover Explain the Electoral College

Grover, the more intellectually-aspirant of Sesame Street’s two blue monsters, is a self-appointed expert on anatomy (“the head is covered with this long stringy stuff”), hygiene, and Spanish, but the workings of the United States Electoral College eluded him, until Salman Khan, founder of the Khan Academy wandered into the frame.

The pairing’s not as odd as you might think. The Khan Academy’s mission is in many ways quite similar to that of Sesame Street---free education for the people, distributed on a global scale. Both are non-profit. The Khan Academy uses whiteboard screencasting where Sesame Street uses Muppets, but the goal is the same.

The energetic and highly distractible Grover would be a challenging pupil in any setting. Khan, whose teacher-student interactions are rarely so face-to-face, handles him like a pro, wisely paring down a standard issue Khan Academy lesson on the Electoral College to an easily digestible three-and-a-half minutes.

The takeaway?

The United States is an indirect democracy.

Each state awards its electoral votes to the candidate who wins the popular vote in that state.

The number of electoral votes in any given state is equal to its number of congresspeople plus its two Senators.

There are a total of 538 electoral votes. In order to win the presidential election, a candidate must win at least 270 of those votes.

Simple enough, but this measured explanation does not compute with Grover.

So Khan employs an educational Ninja technique. “How can I explain it in a way that you might understand?” he asks.

It turns out Grover is something of a visual learner, who’s not at all shy about the workings of his own personal brain. He’s probably not ready for 8th grade algebra, but the Khan Academy substitution method provides a watershed moment, when Khan replaces electoral votes with chickens.

(If your fragile grasp of the Electoral College process would be muddled by the introduction of chickens, stop watching at the two minute mark. As the proliferating comments on the Khan Academy’s fifth American Civics lesson prove, sometimes the simple approach creates more questions than it answers.)

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Ayun Halliday is an author, illustrator, theater maker and Chief Primatologist of the East Village Inky zine.  Her play Zamboni Godot is opening in New York City in March 2017. Follow her @AyunHalliday.

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• otto says:

The National Popular Vote bill is 61% of the way to guaranteeing the presidency to the candidate who receives the most popular votes in the country, by changing state winner-take-all laws (not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution, but later enacted by 48 states), without changing anything in the Constitution, using the built-in method that the Constitution provides for states to make changes.

Every vote, everywhere, for every candidate, would be politically relevant and equal in every presidential election.
No more distorting and divisive red and blue state maps of predictable outcomes.
No more handful of ‘battleground’ states (where the two major political parties happen to have similar levels of support among voters) where voters and policies are more important than those of the voters in 38+ predictable states that have just been ‘spectators’ and ignored after the conventions.

The bill would take effect when enacted by states with a majority of the electoral votes—270 of 538.
All of the presidential electors from the enacting states will be supporters of the presidential candidate receiving the most popular votes in all 50 states (and DC)—thereby guaranteeing that candidate with an Electoral College majority.

The bill was approved this year by a unanimous bipartisan House committee vote in both Georgia (16 electoral votes) and Missouri (10).
The bill has passed 34 state legislative chambers in 23 rural, small, medium, large, red, blue, and purple states with 261 electoral votes.
The bill has been enacted by 11 small, medium, and large jurisdictions with 165 electoral votes – 61% of the way to guaranteeing the presidency to the candidate with the most popular votes in the country

NationalPopularVote

• Bill W. says:

Low-Information voters, enjoy!

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