200,000 Photos from the George Eastman Museum, the World’s Oldest Photography Collection, Now Available Online

stravinsky-1921

There was a time when anyone with even the remotest interest in photography knew the name Eastman, if not the life and work of George Eastman himself. Eastman Kodak---the company founded in 1888 by that entrepreneur, philanthropist, and Great American Success Story---once held a dominant share of the camera and film market. Generally known in later decades just by the name “Kodak,” Eastman’s company seems to have nearly disappeared from the market in the digital age (though it may be poised for a comeback).

first-kodak-manual

Yet many of the devices and materials Eastman's company invented saw daily use in film and photography throughout all of the previous century. Eastman bought the patents for and manufactured the first roll film, indispensable in both industries until recently. (He has two stars on the Hollywood walk of fame for his technical contributions.) With the ease of roll film, Eastman’s company also created and sold the first camera for consumer use in 1888, simply called the Kodak.




“The camera was a great success,” writes a Kodak history, “and many people, among them a lot of women, started taking photographs. When the 100 pictures of the film were shot, the photographer could mail the camera to Eastman Kodak, where all the technical work would be done by skilled people.”

hauron-self-portrait

Eastman’s legacy lives on in another important capacity as well: since the 40s, his Rochester, NY mansion housed one of the largest, the oldest, and perhaps the most impressive collections of photography in the world, the Eastman Museum. “In 1989,” the museum tells us, it “completed construction of a 73,000-square-foot building (more than 70 percent of which is below ground level) that included climate-controlled collection vaults, exhibition galleries, libraries, offices, and photographic conservation and film preservations labs.” And now, over a quarter of a million of the Eastman Museum’s holdings are available online in searchable galleries of “thousands of photographs that date back to the medium’s earliest years,” notes Claire Voon at Hyperallergic, “as well as “objects from its massive library of artifacts that together chronicle the history of image-making.”

no-soap

You’ll find the 1921 portrait of Igor Stravinsky, at the top, and the front cover of an 1888 Kodak manual (“Part First”), below it. You’ll see experimental oddities like the 1889 “Self-Portrait ‘Transformation’” by Louis Docos du Hauron, further up; and striking portraits like Lewis W. Hine’s “No Soap, Pittsburgh Steel Worker Child 1909,” above. “The museum holds the collections of Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre,” writes Voon, “Lewis Hine, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Nickolas Muray, and Edward Steichen, so their works are available here for you to easily browse.” You’ll surely recognize at least one of those names. Before Eastman, Daguerre became one of the fathers of photography in the early 19th century. Just below, see an 1844 portrait of the artist and inventor by a contemporary, Jean Baptiste Sabatier-Blot, “among the most famous portraitists of the Parisian daguerreotype of the 1840s,” as Monoskop describes him.

daguerre-portrait

“Objects from the museum’s photography, technology and George Eastman Legacy collections are now searchable,” the Eastman Museum writes in its press release, “and more objects from the museum’s vast holdings are being added on an ongoing basis.” And, to honor Eastman’s considerable legacy in motion pictures, “objects from the moving image collection will become accessible in the coming months.” For now, we can see work by pioneering English photographer Eadweard Muybridge, who began conducting motion studies in the 1870s, which contributed to the development of Eastman’s film and Thomas Edison’s cameras. See Muybridge's 1877 “Man in derby riding horse” below, and enter the online Eastman Museum collection here.

muybridge-man-in-derby

via Hyperallergic

Related Content:

Eadweard Muybridge’s Motion Photography Experiments from the 1870s Presented in 93 Animated Gifs

Behold the Very First Color Photograph (1861): Taken by Scottish Physicist (and Poet!) James Clerk Maxwell

See the First Known Photograph Ever Taken (1826)

Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness


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  • Jim Hankins says:

    Eastman was a traveler and wanted photo’s in the exciting jungle of Africa to last known sighting Borneo and from there is missing, presumed preserved in a mud hut his head 1/10 the size it should be. His whereabouts or demise remain a mystery to this day but reading his bio is truly amazing and photos are great, I’m one lucky fellow to have had the opportunity to read it. My boss and friend loan it to me a 20 something with stars in his eyes about traveling and taking photos. Then of course I got married and that fanasty vanished, my boss always said I would make a good first mate aboard a ship because of the math.

  • Steve Anderson says:

    I have a hard time feeling excited about public domain images being locked behind licensing fees and restrictive access agreements. I understand that archives need to support themselves, but when what is actually happening is that limitations are being placed on access to the public domain, it should at least be acknowledged in the context of a site devoted to “Open Culture” and “free cultural media on the web.”

  • Jim Hankins says:

    I like horse racing but I don’t get upset when you can’t approach the horses and jockeys unless you pay extra.

  • Henry says:

    I didn’t know Eastman disappeared in Borneo, interesting.

  • Henry says:

    Goodness, the post re Eastman dying in Borneo is misleading and false. He died of a self inflected wound due to critical health issue. Oh the poster is an idiot and is writing a mystery novel..poor taste

  • Anthony Albert Boccaccio says:

    I studied the History of Photography at the George Eastman House in Rochester NY in 1970. One of the best stories is how George Eastman invented Kodachrome film: he put a cello player, a mathematician, and a chemist in a room for a year and told them he’d pay them a lot of money if they just sat there every day thinking about how to make color film. They thought he was crazy, but they did it because they got bored. The cellist brought his cello in everyday to play during the lunch hour just to pass time. The chemist asked him how he made chords on the cello, that had 4 strings. And Eureka! He SAW the 3 layers of yellow, cyan, magenta in his head with a “base” (just like the cello chord) and the rest is history. Just goes to prove once again that if you want to invent something, include an artist in the Think Tank.

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